What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are swollen veins and clusters of tissues that develop in the anus and lower rectum. Internal hemorrhoids develop inside of the lower rectum and are often less painful than external hemorrhoids, which develop underneath the skin surrounding the anus.
Hemorrhoids are usually not painful.
Common symptoms include:
- Painless bright red blood from the rectum
- Anal itching
- Anal ache or pain, especially while sitting
- Pain during bowel movements
- One or more hard tender lumps near the anus
Diagnosis is generally completed via physical exam.
Treatments for hemorrhoids include:
- Over-the-counter corticosteroid (for example, cortisone) creams to help reduce pain and swelling
- Hemorrhoid creams with lidocaine to help reduce pain
- Stool softeners help reduce straining and constipation
Things you can do to reduce itching include:
- Apply witch hazel to the area with a cotton swab.
- Wear cotton underwear.
- Avoid toilet tissue with perfumes or colors. Use baby wipes instead.
- Try not to scratch the area.